National Geographic: Lewis & Clark Student Worksheet

Name: ____________________________________  period:_________

Journey Log Part I: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/journey_intro.html

Introduction:

Lewis & Clark found _______ species unknown to science, nearly _____ Indian tribes, and the Rockies.

#1 The Journey Begins Dates: ________________________ (13 images)

1. How many men did they meet? (Nearly: do the math) _________

2. What is the name of the Lewis & Clark expedition?___________________________________________

Clark’s responsibilities

Lewis responsibilities

Always the members of the expedition were on the lookout for Indians, hoping they would be ___________, __________________ in case they weren’t. For security, Lewis and Clark made camp on __________ ____________ whenever possible and posted _______ at night. By the end of July they had traveled more than 600 miles (1,110 kilometers) up the river. Still they had not met a single ___________.

 

#2 Heading Into Danger? Dates: ________________________ (13 images)

 

At sunset on August 2, a party of Oto and Missouri Indians arrived at the expedition’s camp. This first Indian encounter went well, the two sides exchanging ______________ and ____________. But the captains realized that things would be different when they met the Sioux. President Jefferson had specifically mentioned the need to make a friendly impression on this powerful tribe.

 

During this time, Sergeant Charles Floyd became the first U.S. soldier to die west of the Mississippi when he died on August 20, probably of appendicitis. He was the _____________ member of the Corps to die along the journey.

 

#3 Standoff With the Teton Sioux Dates: ________________________ (19 images)

 

As the Yankton Sioux had warned, the Teton Sioux greeted the expedition and its gifts—a medal, a military coat, and a cocked hat—with ill-disguised hostility. One of the Teton chiefs demanded a boat as the price of passage.

 

When the Indians became threatening, the expedition prepared to meet force with force: Clark drew his sword, and Lewis turned the keelboat’s swivel gun on the Sioux. At the last moment both sides pulled back, and the crisis was over. Nevertheless, the expedition had failed to deliver on Jefferson’s hopes for ___________ ___________________relations with the Sioux. The Americans headed up the river—with a potential enemy behind them and a fast-approaching winter ahead.

 

#4 Racing Against Winter’s Approach Dates: ________________________ (20 images)

 

Temperatures dipped to below 0ºF (-18ºC), and guards, posted around the clock, had to be relieved every _________ ____________.

 

The expedition’s food supplies soon began to dwindle. To make it through the winter, the captains would have to find a supply of __________  for the men.

 

#5 Winter Among the Mandan Dates: ________________________ (20 images)

 

The expedition members kept busy during the Fort Mandan winter, _______________equipment, _____________ with the Indians, and ________________ for_______________. Lewis and Clark learned much about the country to the west from the Mandan and their neighbors the Hidatsa.

 

Here, they hired as an ______________ Toussaint Charbonneau, a French-Canadian fur trapper living among the Hidatsa. Charbonneau, his Shoshone wife, _________________________.

 

Lewis and Clark had spent much of the winter __________________ ____ _____________________about what they had seen so far. They dispatched it and about a dozen expedition members—plus _________ botanical specimens, _____ mineral specimens, and Clark’s map of the United States—aboard the keelboat, which was bound for St. Louis and, eventually, President _____________________________.

 

#6 Into Grizzly Country Dates: ________________________ (12 images)

Describe Lewis’s new thoughts on Grizzlies:

#7 Rockies in Sight Dates: ________________________ (66 images)

 

Only quick action by Sacagawea, who was riding in the vessel, saved precious _______________________ and ____________ that otherwise would have been lost.

 

#8 A Fork in the River Dates: ________________________ (11 images)

Describe the problem Lewis and Clark faced. How did they approach the problem?

What place would identify the Missouri River?______________________________________

#9 Around the Great Falls Dates: ________________________ (17 images)

Describe the challenges faced by the Great Falls

Define Portage:

#10 Toward the Continental Divide Dates: ________________________ (9 images)

What was critical to the success of the journey? Where could the resources be found?

#11 Among the Shoshone Dates: ________________________ (12 images)

Why was Lewis & Clark fortunate in the meeting of the Shoshone chief?

 

Supply & Demand: Describe the costs of the horses. What was the final price for a horse?

#12 Deadly Crossing: The Bitterroots Dates: ________________________ (23 images)

Describe the condition of the expedition BEFORE meeting the Flathead Indians.

 

The group was so low on supplies, they were forced to eat ____ _______________________.

 

#13 “Ocian in View!” Dates: ________________________ (45 images)

 

Describe the current and how it impacted the travel.

 

Describe the Salmon.

 

Describe the weather and storms.

 

But by the middle of November they made it to the Pacific.

 

Where was the winter going to be spent? What were the thoughts of the men?

 

#14 Winter on the Pacific Dates: ________________________ (16 images)

 

Lewis and Clark built ____________ __________________, named after the local _________ Indians.

 

Describe the time at the fort.

Name: ______________________________________________  period:_________

Journey Log Part II: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_species_061_1_2.html

 

#15 Readying for the Return Dates: ________________________ (50 images)

Explain the challenge of timing the return. What factors needed to be considered?

What does it mean to “retrace its steps?”

How did the group acquire the final canoe?

 

#16 Abandoning the Boats Dates: ________________________ (47 images)

What made the Columbia leg of the journey challenging?

___________________________ Indians were a constant source of harassment; their repeated attempts to steal the expedition’s supplies nearly provoked open hostilities many times.

 

Describe the decision of the group at the Great Falls.

#17 Among the Nez Perce Dates: ________________________ (47 images)

 

Describe the diet with the Nez Perce

 

Lewis busied himself with ____________________and _________________ _____________

Clark with _________________________ ________________ _____________________of the tribe.

 

#18 Crossing the Bitterroots, Again Dates: ________________________ (38 images)

 

What was the ratio of men to horses?  ______ to _________

 

Describe the snow conditions:

Describe the decision (in detail) made on June 30

 

Lewis

 

Clark

 

#19 Parting Ways, Skirmishing With Blackfeet Dates: ________________________ (24 images)

 

Describe the interaction of Lewis with the Blackfeet.

Describe Clark’s interaction with the Crow tribe.

#20 Riding the Missouri Dates: ________________________ (5 images)

 

Describe the unfortunate incident that occurred to Lewis.

#21 Returning to the Mandans, Running a Sioux Gauntlet Dates: _____________________ (4 images)

Describe the interaction with the Teton Sioux.

#22 Given Up for Dead, Hailed as Heroes Dates: _____________________ (3 images)

 

The expedition was making as much as ________ miles (130 kilometers) a day.

 

What did Lewis and Clark learn when they met fur traders?

 

The journey returned to St. Louis ______ years, ____ months, and _____ days after they had left.

 

____________________________ people of St. Louis greeted the returned Corps with gunfire salutes and an enthusiastic welcome.

After completing the activity, show the teacher the completed screen.

TYPED Lewis and Clark Reflection – 1st person Reflection (I, We – as if you were Lewis or Clark)

Paragraph #1 THE EXPEDITION: What was your mission, goal, objective. How did you feel being trusted by the PRESIDENT with this important task.

Paragraph #2 NATIVE AMERICAN INTERACTION: Describe the interactions you have with Native American Tribes. Be specific (give the names of the tribes) about how some of the tribes were of great assistance. Describe the items you traded and how they helped you on your journey. Also include the tribes that were a little more threatening and harassing. Describe some of the confrontations with these groups.

Paragraph #3 HUMAN ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION: Describe the interaction with Nature (animals, plants, and hunting). List some of the animals you discovered and the scary interaction with one particular species.

Paragraph #4 MOVEMENT & MAPPING THE LAND: Describe the lessons learned about travel, geography, and climate. What were your biggest challenges in your travels? How did you navigate these obstacles. Describe the climate and how it affected the journey.

Paragraph #5 CONCLUSION: Evaluate your journey and explain if it was a success or failure. Give reasons to support your position.

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